Abdominal Wall Reconstruction
Abdominal wall reconstruction is a surgical repair used to treat an abdominal hernia. An abdominal hernia occurs when an abdominal organ protrudes through a weakened area in the abdominal wall and is diagnosed through physical examination. Abdominal hernias are usually a relatively simple matter to correct. If left untreated, however, the protruding tissue may become obstructed and lose blood supply. This can result in a hernial incarceration and gangrene which may be life-threatening.
Abdominal Wall Reconstruction Procedure
The purpose of an abdominal wall reconstruction surgery is to return the protruding tissue to its original location and to strengthen the weakened area of the abdominal wall with either stitching or synthetic mesh. The goal of the procedure is to repair the damaged area so that the intestines or other organs cannot push through to create another hernia. Abdominal wall reconstruction can be performed as a traditional open surgery or laparoscopically. The laparoscopic technique offers patients the benefits of smaller incisions, shorter recovery time, less scarring, and less bleeding.
Recovery from Abdominal Wall Reconstruction
Recovery from an abdominal wall reconstruction may vary depending on the size of the hernia repair. It is important for patients to seek treatment as soon as possible when the hernia is first discovered. Laparoscopic hernia repair usually requires only an overnight stay in the hospital. After surgery, a patient should expect tenderness, swelling and possible bleeding at the site of the abdominal hernia repair.
Risks of Abdominal Wall Reconstruction Procedure
While abdominal wall reconstruction is considered a safe procedure, there are risks associated with any type of surgery. Possible complications may arise and are signaled by the following:
- Excessive bleeding
- Severe pain
If any of these symptoms appear after the procedure, the patient should seek immediate medical attention.